Eighteenth Century: English and French
  1. What, according to Holland and Patterson, is the chief significance of 18th century Continental theatre (255)? What is the social function of 18th century theatre?
  2. What was the "Collier Controversy" (256), and what did it lead to? You might also look back to the end of the chapter on Renaissance and Restoration drama, and consider how this pamphlet war helps give definition to the other questions in this study guide.
  3. What was the Licensing Act, when was it passed, and what did it do—both legally and effectually (258-261)? What was it a response to?
  4. How does John Gay fit into the picture Holland and Patterson paint of the early 18th century British theatre?
  5. Who was David Garrick, and what were his contributions to the development of 18th century British theatre? (261-262)
  6. Describe the changes in theatre architecture during the 18th century (267)
  7. What were the major trends in the development of 18th century Continental theatre, which began with the death of the Sun King (Louis XIV) in 1715? Consider especially the development of sentimental, domestic forms of theatre, as well as the demands of the middle class audience and the status of actors and playwrights (271, 273, 276-277, 296)
  8. Holland and Patterson cite the establishment of theatre as an art form with its own history as one of the important legacies of the 18th century (298). What does this mean? How does David Garrick fit into this narrative?
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